Josh Compton

Academic Appointments

Associate Professor of Speech

I’m interested in how attitudes can become resistant to influence in ways similar to how our bodies become resistant to disease. Much of my work centers on inoculation theory. I help my students see how this theory, and others like it, can guide our rhetorical choices and help us recognize our own responses to attempts to persuade us.

LinkedIn
6-9842
37 Dewey Field Road, #228
HB 6250
Department(s): 
Institute for Writing and Rhetoric
Education: 
M.A. Missouri State University
Ph.D. University of Oklahoma

Selected Publications

Clear, S. E., Dimmock, J. A., Compton, J., & Jackson, B. (2021). How do inoculation messages work? A two-study mixed-method investigation into inoculation mechanisms. Asian Journal of Communication. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/01292986.2021.1888306

Compton, J. (2020). Prophylactic versus therapeutic inoculation treatments for resistance to influence. Communication Theory 30(3), 330-343. doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/ct/qtz004

van der Linden, S., Roozenbeek, J., & Compton, J. (2020). Inoculating against fake news about COVID-19. Frontiers in Psychology. doi: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.566790

Compton, J., & Mason, A. (2020). Narrative and the inoculation theory of resistance to influence. In S. S. Dunn & G. Nisbett (Eds.), Innovations and implications of persuasive narrative (pp. 23-42). Peter Lang Publishing. 

Compton, J. (2019). “Inoculate yourself with the word of God”: Persuasion inoculation, medical inoculation, and religious rhetoric. Journal of Media and Religion, 18(4), 115-121. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/15348423.2019.1696122

Compton, J. (2019). Inoculation at play: Happiness, funniness, types of play, and inoculation theory. Journal of the Speech and Theatre Association of Missouri, 49, 1-16. Available: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/336313639_Inoculation_at_play_Happiness_funniness_types_of_play_and_inoculation_theory

Compton, J. (2020). Inoculation against/as character assassination. In M. Icks, J. Keohane, E. Shiraev, & S. Samoilenko (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of character assassination and reputation management. London: Routledge.

Compton, J., & Craig, E. A. (2019). Family communication patterns, inoculation theory, and adolescent substance abuse prevention: Harnessing postinoculation talk and family communication environments to spread positive influence. Journal of Family Theory & Review, 11(2), 277-288. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/jftr.12328

Compton, J. (2019). Late night television comedy, mid-afternoon congressional testimony: Attacks on Stephen Colbert’s House Judiciary committee appearance. Comedy Studies. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/2040610X.2019.1623439

Compton, J. (2019). Inoculation theory and metaliterate learning. In T. P. Mackey & T. Jacobson (Eds.), Metaliterate learning in the post-truth world (pp. 63-79). Chicago: ALA Publishing.

Compton, J. (2019). A vaccine for boredom? Considering inoculation theory as a messaging strategy to better engage, and retain, a millennial workforce. In S. A. Smith (Ed.), Recruitment, retention, and engagement of a millennial workforce (pp. 163-176). Landham, MD: Lexington Books.

Compton, J. (2018). Inoculating against/with political humor. In J. Baumgartner & A. B. Becker (Eds.), Political humor in a changing media landscape: A new generation of research (pp. 95-114). Landham, MD: Lexington Books.

Compton, J., & Ivanov, B. (2018). Inoculation messaging. In B. Jackson, J. Dimmock, & J. Compton (Eds.), Persuasion and communication in sport, exercise, and physical activity. (pp. 73-90). Abington, UK: Routledge.

van der Linden, S., Roozenbeek, J., Oosterwoud, R., Compton, J., & Lewandowsky, S. (2018). The science of prebunking: Inoculating the public against fake news. In Written evidence submitted to the Parliamentary Inquiry on Fake News. Available: http://data.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/committeeevidence.svc/evidencedocument/digital-culture-media-and-sport-committee/fake-news/written/79482.html

Compton, J. (2018, March). Osler’s Man’s Redemption of Man: Preemptive protection, attitudinal inoculation, and smallpox inoculation. Proceedings of the 2018 conference of the Society for the Academic Study of Social Imagery, edited by T. G. Endres.

Compton, J. (2018). When weather forecasters are wrong: Image repair and public rhetoric after severe weather. Science Communication. doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/1075547018799101

Compton, J., & Compton, J. L. (2018). The athlete’s image, visual representation, and image repair/image prepare: Tom Brady, Jane Rosenberg, and the courtroom sketches. The International Journal of the Image, 9(2). doi: https://doi.org/10.18848/2154-8560/CGP/v09i02/73-88

Compton, J. (2018). Presidents on speechwriting: United States presidents’ public statements about speechwriting. The Forensic of Pi Kappa Delta, 103(1), 1-12. Available: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/326015713_Presidents_on_speechwriting_United_States_presidents'_public_statements_about_speechwriting

Compton, J. (2017). Food safety and corporate public relations: Image repair and the Tesco horse DNA scandal. PRism, 14(1), 1-8. Available: https://www.prismjournal.org/uploads/1/2/5/6/125661607/v14-no1-a1.pdf

Compton, J. (2016). Inoculating against a losing season: Can inoculation-informed public relations strategies protect fan loyalty? International Journal of Sport Communication, 9(1), 1-12. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/ijsc.2015-0116

Jackson, B., Compton, J., Thornton, A. L., & Dimmock, J. A. (2017). Re-thinking anxiety: Using inoculation messages to reduce and reinterpret public speaking fears. PLoS ONE 12(1): e0169972. doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0169972

Compton, J. (2016). Image prepare: Image repair, inoculation theory, and anticipated attacks on credibility. The International Journal of the Image, 8(1), 1-9. doi: https://doi.org/10.18848/2154-8560/CGP/v08i01/1-9

Compton, J., Jackson, B., & Dimmock, J. A. (2016). Persuading others to avoid persuasion: Inoculation theory and resistant health attitudes. Frontiers in Psychology 7 (122). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00122

Compton, J. (2015). Political humor on the radio, image repair, and Gracie Allen’s 1940 presidential campaign. Journal of Radio and Audio Media, 22(2), 255-264. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19376529.2015.1083158

Compton, J., & Compton, J. L. (2015). Open letters from the National Football League, concussion prevention, and image repair rhetoric. International Journal of Sport Communication 8(3), 266-275. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/IJSC.2015-0049

Ivanov, B., Sims, J. D., Compton, J., Miller, C. H., Parker, K. A., Parker, J. L., Harrison, K. J., & Averbeck, J. M. (2015). The general content of postinoculation talk: Recalled issue-specific conversations following inoculation treatments. Western Journal of Communication, 79(2), 218-238. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10570314.2014.943423

Jackson, B., Compton, J., Whiddett, R., Anthony, D. R., & Dimmock, J. A. (2015). Preempting performance challenges: The effects of inoculation messaging on attacks to task self-efficacy. PLoS ONE 10(4): e0124886. doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0124886

Compton, J., & Compton, J. L. (2014). College sports, losing seasons, and image repair through open letters to fans. Communication & Sport, 2(4), 345-362. doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/2167479513503542

Compton, J. (2013). Inoculation theory. In J. P. Dillard & L. Shen (Eds.), The Sage handbook of persuasion: Developments in theory and practice, 2nd ed., (pp. 220-237). Los Angeles, CA: Sage.

Compton, J., & Ivanov, B. (2013). Vaccinating voters: New directions for political campaign inoculation scholarship. Annals of the International Communication Association, 37 (1), 250-283. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23808985.2013.11679152

Compton, J., & Kaylor, B. T. (2013). Inoculating for small pox inoculation objections in Reverend Cooper’s Letter to a Friend in the CountryJournal of Communication and Religion, 36(1), 92-107. Available: https://www.academia.edu/34640562/Inoculating_for_small_pox_inoculation_objections_in_Reverend_Coopers_Letter_to_a_Friend_in_the_Country

Miller, C., Ivanov, B., Sims, J. D., Compton, J., Harrison, K. J., Parker, K. A., Parker, J. L., & Averbeck, J. M). (2013). Boosting the potency of resistance: Combining the motivational forces of inoculation and psychological reactance. Human Communication Research, 39, 127-155. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2958.2012.01438.x

Compton, J., & Ivanov, B. (2012). Untangling threat during inoculation theory–conferred resistance. Communication Reports, 25(1), 1-13. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08934215.2012.661018

Ivanov, B., Miller, C. H., Compton, J., Averbeck, J. M., Harrison, K. J., Sims, J. D., Parker, K. A., & Parker, J. L. (2012). Effects of post-inoculation talk on resistance to influence. Journal of Communication, 62, 701-718. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-2466.2012.01658.x

Parker, K. A., Ivanov, B., & Compton, J. (2012). Inoculation’s efficacy with young adults’ risky behaviors: Can inoculation confer cross-protection over related but untreated issues? Health Communication, 27 (3), 223-233. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/10410236.2011.575541

Compton, J. (2012). Frustration vaccination? Inoculation theory and digital learning. In S. P. Ferris (Ed.), Teaching, learning and the net generation: Concepts and tools for reaching digital learners (pp. 61-73). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

Compton, J. (2011). Surveying scholarship on The Daily Show and The Colbert Report. In A. Amarasingam (Ed.), The Colbert/Stewart effect: Essays on the real impacts of fake news (pp. 9-33). Jefferson, NC: McFarland and Company. 

Compton, J., & Pfau, M. (2009). Spreading inoculation: Inoculation, resistance to influence, and word-of-mouth communication. Communication Theory, 19, 9-28. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2885.2008.01330.x

Compton, J. (2008). More than laughing? Survey of political humor effects research. In Morris, J. S., & Baumgartner, J. C. (Eds.) Laughing matters: Humor and American politics in the media age (pp. 39-66). New York: Routledge.

Compton, J., & Pfau, M. (2008). Inoculating against pro-plagiarism justifications: Rational and affective strategies. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 36(1), 98-119. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/00909880701799329

Compton, J. (2006). Serious as a heart attack: Health-related content of late night comedy television. Health Communication, 19(2), 143-151. doi: https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327027hc1902_6

Compton, J. (2006). Remembering, forgetting, and memorializing the past: Considering forensics from a collective memory theoretical perspective. The Forensic of Pi Kappa Delta, 91, 27-45. Available: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/319552326_Remembering_forgetting_and_memorializing_forensics'_past_Considering_forensics_from_a_collective_memory_theoretical_perspective

Pfau, M., Compton, J., Parker, K. A., An, C., Wittenberg, E. M., Ferguson, M., Horton, H., & Malyshev, Y. (2006). The conundrum of the timing of counterarguing effects in resistance: Strategies to boost the persistence of counterarguing output. Communication Quarterly, 54(2), 143-156. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/01463370600650845

Compton, J., & Pfau, M. (2005). Inoculation theory of resistance to influence at maturity: Recent progress in theory development and application and suggestions for future research. Annals of the International Communication Association, 29 (1), 97-145. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/23808985.2005.11679045

Compton, J., & Pfau, M. (2004). Use of inoculation to foster resistance to credit card marketing targeting college students. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 32, 343-364. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/0090988042000276014

Pfau, M., Compton, J., Parker, K. A., Wittenberg, E. M., An, C., Ferguson, M., Horton, H., & Malyshev, Y. (2004). The traditional explanation for resistance versus attitude accessibility: Do they trigger distinct or overlapping processes of resistance? Human Communication Research, 30(3), 329-360. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2958.2004.tb00735.x

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